Types of Juicers – Why Do We Have to Even Care?
Before we even start digging into types of juicers, let's understand more about types of juices. Yes you heard me right: there are different types of juices and we can group them in two main types. Both are plant based concoctions of fruits, vegetables, leaves and sprouts, but made in a very distinctive way. Both beneficial and nutrient, but different in texture and the way our bodies absorb and use them.
If you're new to juicing I am sure one of the main questions you have is "can I use a blender to juice?" The answer is simple (or maybe not so simple):
yes and no!
Let me explain more in depth...
Traditionally speaking juicing is extracting all the fresh raw juice from produce, meaning that no pulp, seeds or fibers should be in it but just the liquid juice. And to make these types of juices you need a juicer machine (refer to the image on the right above where juice and pulp are separated). This is what serious juicers are referring to when they talk about "juicing." When you juice this way the leftover pulp has little nutritional value and it's hard to digest therefore usually gets discarded (or you can use it in cooking recipes as a source of fiber.)
Blender juicing on the other hand is the second type and is when you process the pulp, fiber and juice into a liquid(ish) juice as you see in the above picture. For this type of juice you would need a blender. You can also call these liquids smoothies depending on their consistency or even better "diluted" smoothies.
Traditional juicing obtained through an extractor where the pulp has been removed proved to be more beneficial and nutritious for a few reasons:
- You can pack more nutrition into a glass of juiced juice than you can in a blended juice, simply because it's more concentrated.
- Since this type of juice will be free of pulp and fiber, the nourishment that comes from the fruits and vegetables can be delivered easily and much faster across the intestinal walls and into the blood, where your body can use them right there and then.
Although juicing with a juice extractor is the ultimate way to go if you're taking juicing seriously, let's take a moment to clarify one important fact. If you don't have a juicer or just prefer blending, blended juices are crucial for your diet too. The blender will still break down the fibers so your body can easily digest and use all the nutrients, but more slowly.
Keep in mind that while too much fiber (or pulp) in your juice is unpleasant, not enough fiber in your diet is not healthy:
- Although fiber is low in nutrition, it is essential for the proper functioning of your digestion system.
- And because of this, juicing should be taken to supplement a diet rich in high-fiber vegetables, fruits, but also whole grain breads and cereals. Juicing should never replace such a diet.
Also some fruits and vegetables (such as watermelons, papayas, bananas, avocados) that don't juice well in an extractor work better in a blender. Make sure to add water or a juicy produce (such as watermelon or melon) into a traditional juicing recipe if you are using a blender.
For more information on blenders refer to our article about Best Blenders for Juicing.
Types of Juicers to Extract Juice
Now we know that a juicer is expressly designed to extract fluid from fibers of fruits and vegetables by separating liquid from pulp, we can talk about different types of juicers and how they actually do that.
This type of juicer separates the fiber from the juice by spinning. A centrifugal juicer is the least expensive type of juice, albeit it is typically accompanied by noise while in operation. It juices the fastest, though, because it rotates faster. This rapid movement generates higher heat which can kill some of the nutrients in vegetables and fruits. Although new high-end models are quite effective, as a rule of thumb centrifugal juicers are less efficient when it comes to separating liquid from pulp.
Also known as the auger type of juicer or slow juicer, this type literally chews up, or “masticates,” fruits and vegetables before these are pushed through the juicer’s strainer. A masticating juicer yields between 20% and 25% more liquid than its centrifugal cousin. This type is also quieter while in operation because it's slower. The only downside is that masticating juicers are more expensive than regular centrifugal juicers. But a high-end centrifugal juicer is usually in the same price range as a masticating juicer.
Twin Gear Juicer
Generally, this type is considered to be the best mainly because of the juice quality it yields which has both premium taste and nutrient content. More juice will be extracted by a twin gear juicer as well, making this type more economical in the long run. The downside is the slow rate of extraction and the longer time it takes to feed as well as clean it. Twin gear juicers are also the most expensive of the lot. But these downsides are not even comparable to what you get out of these babies -if you can effort them.
Below is a quick break-down chart for the basic types of juicers:
Twin Gear Juicers
Rapid spinning movement generates higher heat which
No heat produced, so it conserves most
No heat produced, so it conserves
Time to Extract
It depends on the model
Leafy Green Friendly
Lots of dry pulp
Lots of very dry pulp
Processing Nuts & More
Yes, it makes nut milks and butters
Cheapest and Cheaper
Takes more time
1 or 2 years
10, 15 or 20 years
10 to15 years